Thus, we can say that the linguistic varieties A and B are two independent languages if the native speakers of A are not able to comprehend the native speakers of B and vice versa. Native speakers normally comprehend the dialects of their mother tongue.
But in the scientific sense, the world is buzzing with a cacophony of qualitatively equal 'dialects,' often shading into one another like colors and often mixing, tooall demonstrating how magnificently complicated human speech can be.
This is the case with many macrolanguages such as the Oluluyia varieties spoken in Western Kenya see next page for a discussion.
But in fact, there is no objective difference between the two: Any attempt you make to impose that kind of order on reality falls apart in the face of real evidence. An example is Norwegian, Danish and Swedish in northern Europe. A Practical Solution In practice, a combination of mutual intelligibility, history, cultural self-identification, and political factors is used to determine which speech varieties are languages and which speech varieties are Sociolinguistics, Unit 2: Languages and Dialects Steve Nicolle dialects.
We have seen that for most of our informants, the effort to escape identification as a New Yorker by one's own speech provides a motivating force for phonological shifts and changes. Or put another way, speech varieties that are different languages according to the linguistic criterion of mutual intelligibility may be considered dialects of a single language according to historical, social, and political criteria.
Unfortunately, since language is so deeply intertwined with human culture, politics, and society, it is unlikely that we will ever come to a universal agreement over what a language is and is not and what a dialect is and is not.
The word dialect is assigned to languages for two principal reasons: linguistic and sociopolitical. Similarly, which words have changed over time?
A Czech and a Slovak can usually converse.
Conclusion Now you know what a dialect is! The Two Definitions of Dialect Now that we understand that languages and dialects are just arbitrary groupings of world languages, we can examine the two different definitions of the term dialect.