Relationship between handedness and hemispheric dominance

lateralization example

The advertisement was intended to address especially subjects with non-right-handedness. Differences in the grading system for handedness may bear on the shape of the correlation with language dominance, but there is little to suggest that this relationship would change in a fundamental way if a different measure of handedness were used.

Note the high asymmetry of the map in favor of the left hemisphere.

investigating the relationship between handedness and hemispheric dominance

One factor which has been associated with language dominance is handedness. This relationship is consistent and linear. Whereas most other studies only relate to right-handers a majority of the population these researchers analyzed language lateralization for the first time in a large number of right- and left-handed individuals.

Evidence from patients with brain lesions of sudden onset, such as stroke, provide some indirect evidence about the status of right-hemisphere language dominance in healthy subjects. Thus, it appears that, while there may be some general rules about hemispheric function specialization, the actual situation is much more complex than we ever thought.

Relationship between handedness and hemispheric dominance

These might include: a having a right-hemisphere language specialization or b having little lateralized specialization. The Function of the Corpus Callosum Given that, as we have seen, many if not most activities require both hemispheres, at least to some extent e. Overall, the tendency reported by Rasmussen and Milner is in accord with our data. Most, but not all, of the different structures, lobes and organs of the brain have a left and right hemisphere element, and communication between the hemispheres is achieved by means of a thick bundle of nerve tissues known as the corpus callosum, which effectively makes a full brain out of two half-brains. Furthermore, patients who present with language disturbances after right-sided cerebral infarction have not infrequently had strokes in the other hemisphere, rendering conjectures on the original hemisphere of language dominance unreliable Pedersen et al. The present study demonstrates that left-handedness is neither a precondition nor a necessary consequence of right-hemisphere language dominance. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. These results also demonstrate that by contrast with a sample including a majority of right-handers, a sample enriched with left-handers composed from a large database shows variability factors in the brain structural and functional correlates: determining the sources of this variability in language lateralization may help to elucidate language pathologies. This variability indicates the high degree of freedom with which the brain can instantiate language. Along with motor behavior, language is one of the most lateralized functions of the human body: the networks of brain areas controlling language are located asymmetrically in the brain's left or right hemisphere. Because of its good test—retest reliability, the Edinburgh Inventory has been used in many studies and, unlike other measures, allows good comparison between studies Ransil and Schachter, Stereotypes and Simplifications The corollary of all this complexity and inconsistency is that many of the common claims and stereotypes regarding handedness and left-handedness in particular arise from a simplified, outdated and unrigorous view of the left-handed brain which is just not borne out by the findings of modern science. A total of subjects were thus included in the study: females age range 15—49 years, mean 26, SD 5. A more plausible explanation would be that handedness and language dominance are each determined by multiple factors, some of which have a role in both phenomena. They posited that the left hemisphere of the brain focuses on detail while the right hemisphere is more concerned with the broad background picture.

I have argued, however, that many fundamental problems exist with this methodology, and advocate going back to the drawing board to work out some of these basic problems, rather than continue to embrace 19th-century methodology. However, inexplicably, if the navon is object-based e.

Furthermore, because handedness had been collapsed into only two categories, the data do not indicate whether the observed relationship between handedness and language dominance was categorical or linear.

Rated 8/10 based on 88 review
Handedness and Brain Lateralization