An introduction to the history of the philosophical thought

It is intellectually closer to the hermeneutic tradition than to the positivism that underlay the analytic philosophy of history of the s. Spirit in and for itself is quite completely, through and through, concrete. Free concrete thought is concerned only with itself.

history of philosophy

In a sense, this question is best answered on the basis of a careful reading of some good historians. Now, to the extent that something is the result of a level in a development it is once again the starting-point of a new and further development.

The first determinations we have arrived at, then, are that thought is concrete, that the concrete is truth, and that the truth can be the result only of thinking.

a brief history of thought: a philosophical guide to living

The end of one level is always the beginning of another. This circle has as its circumference a large number of circles; one development is always a movement passing through many developments; the totality of this series is a succession of developments curving back on itself; and each particular development is a stage of the whole.

Lattimore, Owen, Before he can remake his society, his society must make him. Required for that is a new way of writing history that embraces a multiplicity of perspectives and standards of judgment, and, by extension, a willingness to embrace the plurality of moral and political lessons that can be drawn absent conviction in a single correct narrative.

Only motives, the reasons agents have for conducting their actions, are typically referenced: what motives Princip had for firing and what motives the leaders of Germany, France, and Russia had to mobilize their armies. The proper meaning of system, however, is totality, and it is true only as such a totality, whose point of departure is the most simple but which makes itself ever more concrete through development.

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Introduction to the History of Philosophy by Hegel